Abuse is any action that violates a person’s human or civil rights. It can take many forms and involve a number of factors. Hourglass defines the abuse of older people as a single or repeated act or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person.
Here we look at financial, psychological, sexual, physical and domestic abuse as well as neglect. However, types of abuse are not singular, victims suffer multiple and interacting forms of abuse. For example, the behaviours of financial abuse, such as restricting access to a bank account, can be accompanied by or facilitated through psychological abuse, such as undermining the victims sense of worth.